Author(s): Swapan Kumar Maity
Municipal Solid Waste Management or MSWM is the burning issue in India as well as other developed countries. There are various challenges in MSWM in urban India which is the motivation of the present study. Due to the urbanization municipal solid waste (MSW) generation is enhanced and instinctive handling of MSW degrades the urban environment and causes health hazards. In this paper, an attempt is made to depict the major problems of MSWM, in addition to a comprehensive review of MSW generation, its characterization, collection, and treatment options as practiced in India. The current practice of MSWM in Indian states and important cities of India is also reported. Keywords: Urbanization; Municipal Solid Waste; biodegradable; recycling.