PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM AND SALMONELLA TYPHICO- INFECTION AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN ABAKALIKI, EBONYI STATE NIGERIA.
Abstract

Author(s): Okonkwo, E. C., Nwele, D. E., Nworie, O., Agumah, N. B., Orji, J. O.and Nwuzo, A. C.

Malaria and typhoid fever are both endemic in the tropics and pregnant women constitute one of the high risk groups. This study was carried out to determine the rate of malaria-typhoid co-infection i n pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State Nigeria. About 120 volunteer pregnant women were recruited during routine antenatal. Malaria infection was determined by qualitative immunodiagnostic assay and confirmed by microscopic examination of thick and thin giemsa stained slides. Typhoid infection was determined by Widal agglutination method and confirmed by stool culture. Out of 120 pregnant women studied, 49 (40.8%) were positive for malaria parasite and equally had significant titer of salmonella antibiotics. Of the 120 stool samples cultured 29 (24.2%) were positive for salmonella. Thus, the overall rate of malaria-typhoid co-infection was 12.5% by both Widal agglutination and stool culture methods. The co-infection of malaria and typhoid in pregnancy has a profound effect on adverse pregnancy outcome. We advocate for routine screening and treatment of infected pregnant women. Keywords: Co-infection, Malaria and Typhoid, Pregnant Women, Ebony State, Nigeria

bandar togel terpercaya
Agen toto togel wap
Daftar Togel Online Terbaik dan Terbesar
bandar togel terpercaya
agen togel online terpercaya
bandar toto togel
Bandar Togel
Agen Togel Hadiah 4d 10 Juta
Slot Demo Gampang Menang
RTP Live
RTP Live SDTOTO
slot gampang menang
Bandar Togel 4D
Prediksi Togel Jitu
Situs Bandar Togel 4D
Slot Demo Gampang Menang
Bandar Togel hadiah 4d 10 juta
bandar togel
Agen Togel Bolak Balik Dibayar
Agen Togel Bet 100 Perak
toto slot
link alternatif situs togel
Situs Togel dan Toto Slot Online
bandar togel hadiah 4d 10 juta
toto hk
togel
agen togel bet 100
togel sgp
data togel sgp
bandar togel 4d dan slot deposit pulsa terpercaya
toto sgp
toto hk
togel hk
bandar togel 4d
togel 4d
situs togel deposit pulsa
toto online
BO Togel
BO Togel Toto HK
bandar togel 4d
bo togel
agen togel online
Bandar Judi Mesin Slot Toto Togel 4D
Agen Togel Slot online gampang menang bandar togel slot gacor bandar togel terpercaya bandar togel agen togel bandar togel bandar togel agen togel bandar togel bandar togel agen togel bandar togel bandar togel resmi bandar togel agen togel deposit pulsa bandar togel bandar togel agen togel BO Togel situs togel bandar togel agen togel bandar togel bandar togel bandar togel bandar togel agen togel bandar togel agen togel slot online gacor bandar togel agen togel situs slot situs slot situs togel situs slot situs togel situs slot situs togel agen togel agen togel bandar togel togel dan slot bandar togel situs togel situs togel bandar togel situs togel 10 situs togel terpercaya daftar slot gacor gampang maxwin slot online paling gacor agen judi bola terpercaya agen togel terpercaya agen togel resmi bandar togel terpercaya