Author(s): Shweta Garg, Shrishti Vashist, Shruti Aggarwal

This article is about software engineering project management, the universality of a five-element management model, and the application of the five-element model to software engineering project management.Management involves the activities undertaken by one or more persons for the purpose of planning and controlling the activities of others in order to achieve objectives that could not be achieved by the others acting alone. The five-element management model categorizes management functions into planning, organizing, staffing, leading, and controlling.Project management is a system of management procedures, practices, and know-how needed to manage a project successfully. Knowhow, in this case, means the skill, background, and experience required to apply knowledge to practical situations.