Phytochemical Studies on Ulva lactuca Linn.

Author(s): Babu A, Johnson M*, Patric Raja D

The present study was aimed to explore the phytochemical constituents present in various extarcts of Ulva lactuca Linn and produce the FT-IR, TLC, UV-VIS and HPLC spectrum profile for U. lactuca. Phytochemical screening of the extracts was carried out according to the method described by Harborne. For the HPLC analysis, the methanol: water (45:55) was used as mobile phase. The results of phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of steroids, phenolic groups, alkaloids, saponins, tannins, glycosides and terpenoids in U. lactuca. The UV- VIS profile of aqueous, ethanolic, chloroform, petroleum ether and hexane confirmed various metabolites and functional groups presence in the crude extracts of U. lactuca. The HPLC profile of U. lactuca ethanolic extract showed some prominent and moderate peaks with different retention time. The results of the present study showed that U. lactuca may be rich sources of phytoconstituents which can be isolated and further to exploit for developing plant based drugs for various ailments.